Age Differences in the Effects of Anxiety on Selective Attention: A Test of the Vigilance-avoidance Hypothesis

Age Differences in the Effects of Anxiety on Selective Attention: A Test of the Vigilance-avoidance Hypothesis

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Attentional bias to threat has been established as feature of clinical anxiety in adults and children, yet little research has examined anxiety-related cognitive processes in older adults. The Dot Probe Task (DBT) is a reaction time task which allows researchers to infer subjects' time course of attention from their response to subliminally- and supraliminally-presented stimuli. In this study, 44 older adults and 103 younger adults completed self-report measures and underwent the DBT. The time course of attention in older adults was found to be moderated by anxiety level and the type of stimuli being viewed, such that anxious older adults demonstrated a vigilant-avoidant attentional style toward negative faces, but an avoidant-vigilant response to negative words. Among younger adults, there was limited evidence for the vigilance-avoidance hypothesis. These findings are discussed in light of a late-life emotion regulation framework.... sample was recruited through the Psychology Department Subject Pool at the University of Southern California (USC) ... the OASIS center at Baldwin Hills, Delta Sigma Theta Life Development Senior Center, Claude Pepper Senior Center, anbsp;...


Title:Age Differences in the Effects of Anxiety on Selective Attention: A Test of the Vigilance-avoidance Hypothesis
Author: Lewina Onyi Lee
Publisher:ProQuest - 2007
ISBN-13:

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